martes, 27 de febrero de 2018

Safety & Emergency: Safety at Sea


ISO - Symbols for Safety Signs and Labels









ANSI Standards in Safety Signs and Labels






Safety at Sea



Safety & Emergency: Signs and Symbols












Safety & Emergency: International Maritime Signal Flags


                   1) Watch the video and then complete the activities:

                 

                    Flag Alphabet ~ International maritime signal flags







                   2) Write ten sentences using the Flag Alphabet on board 



Safety & Emergency: What to do?

What to Do In Case of an Emergency

Emergencies and disasters can occur anytime, anywhere. Some are seasonal, allowing you to prepare in advance. Others occur swiftly and without warning. Planning ahead and preparing for your family's needs can make a big difference in your ability to cope. You can lessen the impact of an emergency or disaster by knowing what to do before, during and after one occurs.
The information sheets below provide general information for personal and family emergency preparedness for a variety of natural and man-made disasters and emergencies.
During a Disaster
  • You are expected to survive for 72 hours on your own
  • After 72 hours, authorities will contact you and re-locate you to the Disaster Response Center
  • You will need a battery powered radio so authorities can contact you.
Tips
  • Never enter a damaged building, even if it looks safe
  • You can obtain water from a water heater, toilet tank or melted ice cubes
  • Boil contaminated water for 5 minutes or add 1 drop of bleach per litre. Let stand 30 seconds before drinking
  • Disinfect floodwater in basement by mixing 2 litres of bleach into it every 3 days.
  • Stay away and alert authorities if you see hanging power lines or damaged pipes

How to react to a Chemical Spill

Indoors:
  • Close all doors, windows, and ventilation systems
  • Seal off all gaps (around windows, vents, pipes, etc.) with wet towels, duct tape, or plastic sheeting
  • Go into a secure room in the middle of the house, above ground
Outdoors:
  • Cover mouth with a cloth while leaving area
In car:
  • Close windows and vents, and shut off the AC/heating system

Make an Emergency Plan

A family emergency plan will help you and your family know what to do in case of an emergency. Every Canadian household needs an emergency plan.
It will take you about 20 minutes to complete your personalized plan online. You can then print it out. Before starting your home emergency plan, you will need to think about:
  • Safe exits from home and neighbourhood
  • Meeting places to reunite with family or roommates
  • Designated person to pick up children should you be unavailable
  • Contact persons close-by and out-of-town
  • Health information
  • Place for your pet to stay
  • Risks in your region
  • Location of your fire extinguisher, water valve, electrical box, gas valve and floor drain

How to react in a Thunderstorm

Indoors:
  • Stay away from windows, doors, fireplaces, stoves, and any other conductive material
  • Unplug appliances
Outdoors:
  • Shelter in ditch (if not raining) or building
  • Remove all metal objects
  • If in an open area, crouch forward, with feet together, elbows on knees, and hands on ears (creates the smallest possible path for lightning to travel through your body)
  • Never lie flat on the ground
  • Stay away from trees, power lines, fences, and raised areas
  • Avoid using bicycle or motorbike
In car:
  • Stop car well away from power lines and trees
  • Do not touch any metal objects
Other:
  • Feeling your hair stand on end indicates that lightning is about to strike

How to react in a Tornado

Indoors:
  • Go into basement if possible
  • Crouch under heavy furniture, in closet, or a small room well away from windows and sides of house
  • Get out of mobile house
  • Wrap self in blanket
Outdoors:
  • Go into ditch or ravine
  • Be aware of bridges or overpasses that could collapse
In car:
  • Abandon immediately, the wind will flip your car
Other:
  • Many say tornados sound like a freight train
  • Use a flash light and never a candle (there may be broken gas lines)

Who does what in an emergency?

When it comes to emergency preparedness and emergency management, we all have a role to play.
Individuals and families
Individuals take steps ahead of time to prepare themselves and their families for emergencies. You should be prepared to take care of yourself and your family for a minimum of 72 hours during an emergency. You should also understand the basic principles of first aid and safety.
Every disaster is a local disaster. Different levels of organizations respond progressively as an emergency escalates and their resources are needed. The first ones to respond are closest to the emergency.
First Responders – i.e. fire, police, paramedics
Local fire, police, paramedic, and search and rescue teams are normally the first to respond to an emergency. They are responsible for managing most local emergencies as part of the municipal emergency plan. Find out more about the emergency plan in your area by contacting your emergency management organization (EMO).
Non-government organizations
There are several non-profit, non-government organizations (NGOs) that play very important roles in emergency management, including disaster prevention/mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Some examples include the Canadian Red Cross, St. John Ambulance and The Salvation Army. They work in partnership with governments to help Canadians deal with emergencies, from providing first aid training to disaster relief.
Provincial and territorial governments
Every province and territory has an emergency management organization (EMO), which manages large-scale emergencies and provides assistance to municipal or community response teams as required. EMOs fulfill an important role in support of first responders and municipalities. Federal departments and agencies support provincial or territorial EMOs as requested. They also manage emergencies that involve areas of federal jurisdiction, such as nuclear safety, national defense and border security.

How to react in a Winter Storm

Indoors:
  • Keep residence cooler than usual.
  • Block off most areas of house and anywhere cold air can enter building
  • Stay together in one room.
  • Have many layers and blankets
  • Stay hydrated Insulate frozen pipes with newspapers
  • Do not bring outdoor heating systems (ie. barbeque) into house
Outdoors:
  • Cover mouth to prevent cold air from getting in lungs
  • Seek shelter
  • Keep moving to increase circulation
In car:
  • It is crucial to stay with your car
  • Tie a brightly coloured cloth to your antenna or window
  • Run the engine and heater for about 10 minutes per hour, during this time open a downwind window slightly for ventilation and periodically clear snow from exhaust pipe (to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning)
  • Move arms and legs continuously to keep your blood circulating
  • Use anything available for insulation
  • Alternate sleeping, so someone is awake to watch for rescue crews at all times

Safety & Emergency: Life Saving Equipments on board



All ships must carry certain emergency and life-saving equipment. This equipment must meet minimum standards and must be properly tested and serviced.
There are different requirements depending on the size and type of ship and where it operates.
Emergency and life-saving equipment include things like:
  • lifeboats and liferafts
  • lifebuoys
  • lifejackets and attachments
  • buoyancy apparatus
  • emergency alarm systems and public address systems
  • marine evacuation systems
  • two-way VHF radiotelephone sets
  • fire-fighting equipment

Source: https://www.gov.uk/emergency-and-lifesaving-equipment-on-ships




Life Saving Appliances Equipments -LSA (video)








EXERCISES



Safety & Emergency: Signs objectives


Safety signs on board ship alert the crew to hazards, equipment, escape routes, etc. 
The intention of International Standards relating to signage is to communicate the safety message using graphical symbols and colours that are universally understood and known by all members of society, thereby removing one of the barriers to good safety management created by different languages.









lunes, 26 de febrero de 2018

Safety & Emergency: Life-Saving Appliances




Life-Saving Appliances, 2010 Edition, just published


Briefing: 53/2010, November 9, 2010


13

The 2010 edition of Life Saving Appliances is now available from the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
This publication includes the latest consolidated versions of the mandatory International Life-Saving Appliance (LSA) Code, the Revised Recommendation on Testing of Life-Saving Appliances and the Code of Practice for the Evaluation, Testing and Acceptance of Prototype Novel Life-Saving Appliances.
The updated requirements and recommendations in the new edition include those relating to:  

• stowage, fitting and equipment of liferafts;
• certification and fitting of lifeboats;
• new requirements for fast rescue boats;
• requirements for lifeboat and rescue boat launching appliances;
• carrying capacity of free-fall lifeboats;
• changes in the average weight of persons to be used for the design and equipment of life-saving appliances;
• extensive new requirements for lifejackets, including the introduction of infant and child lifejackets;
• extensive associated changes to testing requirements for life-saving appliances, including the introduction of reference test devices.



http://www.imo.org/MediaCentre/PressBriefings/Pages/Life-Saving-Appliances-2010-Edition.aspx

Life-Saving Appliances

Vocabulary